Qatar 2022: Why are people protesting about the World Cup host?

Fan holding a Qatar football scarf

One and a half million followers from all around the world are anticipated to go to Qatar to observe the World Cup finals, which begin on 20 November.

However the Gulf state, which follows strict Muslim legal guidelines, is receiving an rising variety of complaints about its stance on same-sex relationships.

What’s Qatar’s stance on homosexual rights?

Gay acts are unlawful in Qatar as a result of they’re thought of to be immoral underneath Islamic Sharia legislation.

Punishments embody fines, jail sentences of as much as seven years – and even demise.

Qatar’s World Cup organisers state “everyone seems to be welcome” to go to the nation to observe the soccer matches and claims nobody shall be discriminated towards.

Nevertheless, Qatar 2022 chief govt, Nasser al Khater, says the federal government won’t change its legal guidelines on homosexuality and has requested guests to “respect our tradition”.

He has mentioned that in Qatar any public shows of affection between {couples} – whether or not homosexual or straight – are frowned upon.

Human Rights Watch has just lately released a reportexternal-link saying that Qatari safety forces are persevering with to arrest residents who’re homosexual, lesbian, and transgender, generally forcing them to bear conversion remedy.

Qatar’s authorities has mentioned the report comprises false allegations.

Life in Qatar: 85% foreign workers' 24.7% population female (lowest in the world); 99.2% live in a city; hereditary monarchy; controls 13% of global oil reserves; GDP per capital (2020), $50,124; same-sex relationships are illegal; alcohol restricted in public places; strict laws on public behaviour.

How have individuals been protesting?

Australia’s soccer squad has launched a video urging Qatar to abolish its legal guidelines on same-sex relationships.

Within the video, the squad additionally criticises Qatari employers for his or her therapy of an estimated 30,000 migrant employees who’ve been constructing amenities for the World Cup finals.

Many employees are mentioned to have died or been injured due to poor well being and security measures on constructing websites.

Denmark’s soccer gamers say they may put on a “toned-down” all-black equipment to protest towards Qatar’s human rights’ report.

England’s captain Harry Kane, together with the captains of 9 different groups from Europe, will put on ‘One Love’ armbands to protest towards Qatar’s anti-homosexuality legal guidelines.

Harry Kane wears "One Love" captain's armband
England captain Harry Kane says he’ll put on the rainbow-coloured ‘One Love’ armband in Qatar 2022 matches

Paris, and different French cities, are refusing to display World Cup matches in public areas, regardless of France being the defending champions.

British LGBT rights campaigner Peter Tatchell says he was “arrested and detained on the kerbside” whereas protesting in Qatar’s capital, Doha.

The Qatari authorities has mentioned claims of an arrest are “utterly false”.

Why was Qatar chosen because the World Cup host?

In 2010, Qatar clinched the rights to the World Cup after successful a poll of Fifa’s 22 govt members. It defeated bids from the US, South Korea, Japan and Australia.

It’s the first Arab nation to host the match.

Qatar was accused of paying Fifa officers £3m ($3.7m) in bribes to safe their backing, however was cleared after a two-year investigation.

On the time, Fifa’s then-chairman, Sepp Blatter, supported Qatar’s bid, however has since said the organisation may have made the wrong decision.

What can World Cup followers count on in Qatar?

Qatar, which has a inhabitants of two.9 million, is among the world’s wealthiest international locations thanks to grease and fuel exports.

It has constructed seven stadiums particularly for the match.

Greater than 100 new motels, a brand new metro and new roads are additionally being constructed.

Graphic showing fans' accommodation in Qatar: 60,000 rooms in apartments and villas, 50,000 rooms in hotels, 9,000 beds in fan villages and 4,000 rooms on cruise ships

As a conservative Muslim nation, consuming in Qatar is often restricted to bars in luxurious motels. A pint of beer can price £10 ($13).

World Cup organisers say that during the finals, alcohol will be served “in select areas within stadiums”, for 3 hours earlier than matches and for one hour afterwards.

Alcoholic drinks may even be out there in a 40,000-capacity fan zone in Doha, and there shall be zones the place drunken followers can go to sober up.

Why is the World Cup not going down in summer time, as typical?

The World Cup finals are being held between 20 November and 18 December – when the temperature in Qatar is normally round 25C (77F).

Had the finals been held in June and July, as they usually are, the matches would have been performed in temperatures exceeding 40C and probably reaching 50C.

Qatar initially proposed to host the finals throughout the summer time in air-conditioned enclosed stadiums, however the plan was rejected.

Chart showing the average monthly temperature in Doha, Qatar

What’s troublesome about holding the World Cup later within the yr?

November and December are busy months for European soccer golf equipment. Many main gamers shall be referred to as as much as play for his or her international locations at Qatar 2022.

European leagues together with England’s Premier League, Italy’s Serie A and Spain’s La Liga are suspending their seasons per week forward of the worldwide match.

Matches will restart after the competitors has completed.

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